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Wondering what’s the difference between a mobile app and a web app? Although it sometimes feels like these two are the same, in reality they are two completely different things, at least when it comes to the technologies they use and the capabilities they offer.

Understanding their differences is key to build a successful digital product. In this article you’ll learn the difference between mobile and web applications, and gain insights that will inform your decision to develop one type of app over the other. So, let’s take a look at the differences between a mobile application and a web application.

Choosing the Right Type of App

People use their mobile devices to access information more than ever before. This means that if your business is not accessible on a mobile device, it will soon be surpassed by competitors who are taking advantage of this. 

However, reaching your users through a mobile device isn’t as easy as it sounds. A strategy is required for determining the best approach to enable users to connect with your business on their mobile devices. For many companies, the best way to do this is through an app. 

When it comes to creating and deploying apps, there are two different approaches — native apps and web apps. Before fully investing in the creation of your app, you’ll need to decide which type of app will best suit your budget, requirements, and goals. This will help you decide whether you should go for mobile app development or web app development. 

Thus, the question is, should you invest in developing a mobile app, or should you focus your resources on building a web app that is fully mobile-responsive?

Is a Native App the Same as a Mobile App?

The terms native app and mobile app are often used interchangeably, but in reality, they don’t mean the exact same thing. Mobile applications refer to any application that can be used on a mobile device. This can include a mobile app or a web app. 

Native apps are smartphone applications that are coded with specific development tools and in a specific programming language, such as Swift or Objective-C, or Java and Kotlin for iOS and Android operating systems respectively. Most native apps are developed for a specific operating system, like iOS or Android, although some use cross-platform technologies, allowing them to work across the different OS.

Native apps can be installed directly onto these particular devices, and app users can typically download them from app stores like the Apple App Store and the Google Play store. Choosing the app store that best fits your digital product and your target audiences is a key success factor for your app. However, keep in mind that there isn’t a single factor that determines the relative app store quality for your project.

The fact that native apps are designed and developed for specific use on particular platforms results in fast performance and a high degree of reliability, although this ultimately depends on the device hardware being used.  A powerful device will deliver a seamless User Experience, whilst a not-so-good one may lack the necessary power to run a native app correctly if it is too heavy.

Apps native to a device are able to access certain device-specific features, something a web app cannot do. Some of these features include, for example, accessing a smartphone’s camera function, its address book, and the use of push notifications. Some native apps even enable users to use the app without an Internet connection. 

What Is a Web App?

Web apps are designed to be fully functional and accessible on whatever device a user chooses to use because they run on a browser. Mobile or desktop browser, web apps operate equally well. In other words, when it comes to web apps’ compatibility, you can be sure that they will run easily on any device if they use the correct code base and web technologies.

Sometimes the differences between a web application and a mobile website can cause a bit of confusion. To clarify, a web app is essentially a website that is designed in a fluid manner, such that is suitable for responding to being viewed on a mobile device web browser

Unlike mobile apps, web apps do not need to be downloaded, so users can access them through Internet connectivity. In many cases, web apps will fall short in terms of User Experience when compared to native apps.

Mobile Apps vs. Web Apps: Explained

To add up everything mentioned above, native mobile apps are built for specific device capabilities and run on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Web apps are accessible via web browsers and will adapt to whichever device the user has. Unlike native mobile apps, web apps are not native to any particular system or device, and therefore do not need to be downloaded or installed. 

The best thing about web apps is that they are responsive enough to the devices that they are being used on, so much that at times they can function as a mobile app.

A difference between these two types of apps is that web apps require an active Internet connection in order to function, whereas mobile apps can often function while offline. 

Mobile apps tend to be faster and more efficient than web apps, but in order to maintain optimum functionality, users must regularly download updates, whereas web apps update themselves. 

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Apps and Web Apps

Now that we have established an understanding of the differences between mobile apps and web apps, let’s take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Advantages of Native Mobile Apps:

  • Faster than web apps
  • Can access device/system resources such as a camera or GPS
  • Can function without an Internet connection
  • Have increased safety and security, as native apps must be approved by the respective app store
  • Can be easier to develop thanks to the availability of developer tools, interface elements, and SDKs

Disadvantages of Native Mobile Apps:

  • More expensive to develop compared to web apps
  • Designing and building the app from scratch is usually required in order for it to be compatible with different platforms such as iOS and Android
  • Can be costly to maintain and consistently update
  • Can be difficult to have a native mobile app approved by the app store

Advantages of Web Apps:

  • Function in-browser, and therefore do not need to be downloaded or installed
  • Are easy to maintain, as they have a common codebase regardless of the mobile platform
  • Can be set to update themselves
  • Are easier and faster to build than mobile apps
  • App store approval is not required, so web apps can be launched more quickly

Disadvantages of Web Apps:

  • Do not work without an Internet connection
  • Are slower than mobile apps
  • Can be difficult to discover since they aren’t hosted in a specific database like an app marketplace
  • Carry higher risks of poor quality, and security can’t be guaranteed since web apps don’t need to be approved by the app stores

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