Acrylic is chemically called polymethyl methacrylate (abbreviated as PMMA). Due to the shortcomings of PMMA surface hardness, easy scratching, low impact resistance, poor molding fluidity, etc., the modification of PMMA has appeared one after another.
Such as the copolymerization of methyl methacrylate with styrene and butadiene, the blending of PMMA and PC, etc. The flow of PMMA is worse than that of PS and ABS, and the melt viscosity is more sensitive to temperature changes. In the uhmw machining process, the melt viscosity is mainly changed from the injection temperature. PMMA is an amorphous polymer with a melting temperature greater than 160°C and a decomposition temperature of 270°C.
plastic machining PMMA has a certain degree of water absorption, with a water absorption rate of 0.3-0.4%, and injection molding must have a humidity below 0.1%, usually 0.04%. The presence of water causes bubbles, gas lines, and reduced transparency in the melt. So it needs to be dried. The drying temperature is 80-90℃, and the time is more than 3 hours. Recycled materials can be used 100% in some cases. The actual amount depends on the quality requirements, usually over 30%. Recycled materials should avoid pollution, otherwise it will affect the transparency and the properties of the finished product.
Injection molding machine selection PMMA machining has no special requirements for injection molding machines. Because of its high melt viscosity, a deeper screw groove and a larger diameter nozzle hole are required. If the strength of the product is higher, a screw with a larger length to diameter ratio should be used for low-temperature plasticization. In addition, PMMA must be stored in a dry hopper.
Mold and gate design The mold temperature can be 60℃-80℃, the diameter of the sprue should match the inner taper, the best angle is 5° to 7°, if you want to inject 4mm or more products, the angle should be 7°, and the diameter of the sprue can reach 8 to 10mm, the overall length of the gate should not exceed 50mm. For products with a wall thickness of less than 4mm, the diameter of the runner should be 6-8mm For products with wall thickness greater than 4mm, the runner diameter should be 8-12mm. Diagonal, fan-shaped and tabular gate depth should be 0.7 to 0.9t (t is the thickness of the product wall), and the diameter of the needle gate should be 0.8 to 2mm; smaller size should be used for low viscosity. Common vent holes have a depth of less than 0.05 and a width of 6mm. The demolding angle is 30′-1°, and the cavity part is 35′-1°30°.
Melting temperature It can be measured by air injection method: ranging from 210°C to 270°C, depending on the information provided by the supplier. Withdraw the back seat, make the nozzle of the injection molding machine leave the sprue bushing, and then manually perform plasticization injection molding, which is air injection molding.
Injection temperature Fast injection can be used, but to avoid high internal stress, it is advisable to use multi-stage injection, such as slow-fast-slow, etc. When injecting thick parts, use slow speed.
Detention time If the temperature is 260℃, the residence time should not exceed 10 minutes, if the temperature is 270℃, the residence time should not exceed 8 minutes